Climate change as a global issue is drawing close attention from the international community. In recent years, frequent extreme weather events such as extreme temperatures, droughts, and floods have negatively impacted the development of all countries. Because of this, actively addressing climate change and promoting low-carbon development are now a common goal across countries and a new development trend in the world.
Education, demography, employment, and technology are important factors that shape the upcoming aging industrial society. For the next decade, it will be a real challenge to supply the labor market with sufﬁcient workers with the appropriate skills as the labor force shifts from a 6.4 million surplus between 1995 and 2005 to a 2.1 million shortage between 2005 and 2015. Although the labor force can be expanded to include less traditional workers, such solutions will always have a limited impact. For example, increasing the number of women in the labor force may lead to a lower birth rate or will necessitate extending nursery services that will absorb a part of the labor force.
Cambodia: Women Potters Produce Efficient, Low-smoke Cookstove
Women in Cambodia are no strangers to the use of firewood and charcoal for their cook stoves, despite the respiratory disease provoked by indoor smoke. In developing countries, about 90 percent of rural and 50 percent of urban-based citizens depend exclusively on charcoal wood for cooking. Worldwide, 2.5 billion people use solid fuels—wood, charcoal and dung—for cooking and heating. Every year, fumes and smoke from open cooking fires kill approximately 1.6 million people mostly women and children, from emphysema and other respiratory diseases.
Good governance is an increasingly important development issue in Cambodia. During the transition towards liberal democracy and a market economy over the last decade, Cambodia’s policy-makers, donor agencies, and civil society have increasingly recognised that the governance system needs to be improved to match the changing role of the State. Good governance is emerging as one of the key strategies to sustain social and economic development in Cambodia.
Two decades ago at the culmination of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit) in Rio de Janeiro, 152 world leaders signed a document committing to take on a single mission.
The action plan came to be known as Agenda 21 that set the world’s gears to pursue the kind of economic and social development that is not adverse to the environment.
The EU first formulated its sustainable development strategy during the 2001 Gothenburg European Council. Although sustainable development is enshrined in the EU Treaty, its implementation remains a problem. In February 2005, the Commission took stock and confirmed that a number of unsustainable trends continue to worsen. One controversial issue is the relationship with the Lisbon reform agenda for growth and jobs. The June 2006 European Council adopted a revised strategy.
Summary of Philippines Rio+20 Report
The Philippines, through the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development, places itself as an advocate for well-rounded, lasting human growth at the upcoming Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development of the United Nations (UN).
At this milestone event in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in June 2012, the country is positioned to highlight the key areas to reach the overarching goal of human development: a healthy economy, good governance, and harmonious social and ecological conditions.